Oil discovery transformed Qatar to a new era of better living conditions that brought home its citizens to work in the oil industry.
The State of Qatar became number 11 among oil exporting countries in 1952, with a production of 67,700 barrels a day, i.e., 0.5% of world production.
Consequently, oil revenue increased to 4.2 million US dollars in 1951, and 12 US million dollars in 1952.
Offshore production started in 1966 in the first discovered field Al-Idd Al-Sharqi , which was discovered in 1960, followed by Maydan Mahzam in 1963, then Abu Al-Hanine field which is the largest in production and reservoir. The products of these fields are shipped to the nearby island of Halul where they are exported. This
Qatar government continues its activity in the domain of oil exploration by offering licenses for foreign corporations to survey the region for oil. In 1985, it issued licenses to Sohaio Company for offshore exploration within the area of 12,000 sq km to be followed by the American AMOCO for onshore exploration within the area of 8,000 sq km outside the work field of the Qatar General Petrol Corporation. The two companies terminated their contracts without any noteworthy discoveries.